Elizabeth GershoffAssociate Professor in Human Development & Family Sciences at the University of Texas at Austin, USA
About the author:
I focus my research on how parental and school discipline affect child and youth development and how parent education and early education programs can improve the lives of at risk children. I have published internationally on the effects of corporal punishment on children.
What I want to achieve:
With this study, we are adding to the large and growing body of research showing that spanking does not promote positive behavior but rather leads to the opposite. I hope that parents around the world will take such findings to heart and stop hitting their children in the name of discipline.
More from the Child and Family Blog:
Corporal punishment damages child development – parents should choose ‘positive child discipline’ instead
The demise of corporal punishment is slow because of lack of clarity about effectiveness of different forms of child discipline.
By George W. Holden
Ending the practice of spanking young children may require more individualized, belief-based dialogue with parents
Scientific evidence is easily sidelined by parental beliefs and displaced by critical anecdotes on the Internet.
by Justin K Scott and Elizabeth Gershoff
The negative impacts of physical punishment and psychological aggression on child development are similar in high-, middle- and low-income countries
Physical punishment of children has emotionally and psychologically negative effects across cultural communities, hindering developmental potential.
by Jaipaul L. Roopnarine and Elif Dede Yildirim
Hitting children leads to reduced literacy skills throughout their childhood
Research shows that hitting children of kindergarten age harms their literacy skills through eighth grade.
by Dianna Tran, Julie Braungart-Rieker and Lijuan Wang
Short, low-cost online parenting skills program may cut corporal punishment of children
Many parents say they plan to stop corporal punishment of their children after a parenting skills program.
By Seth Scholer
Hitting a child causes damage that may not be alleviated by cuddles and kisses – maternal warmth can actually make things worse
Research across many countries shows childhood anxiety and aggression caused by physical punishment may not fall, and can increase, when mum is very loving.
By Jennifer E. Lansford